Diwali is also known as Deepavali, Dewali, Deepawali, or the Festival of Lights. It is celebrated every year in October or November. Diwali celebrations can last for about five days. Diwali is the biggest of all Hindu festivals. Deepawali word is the combination of two words, Deep means “light” and avail “a row” to develop into “a row of lights.” Diwali is the Festival of five days celebration, which accurately lights the nation with its brilliance and happiness of the people.
This festival represents the symbolic victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance and good over evil.
Diwali is a gazetted holiday in India so government offices and many businesses, including local offices are closed. It is not a nationwide public holiday in countries such as Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States, but Some cities celebrate big for the Diwali festival.
How is it celebrated?
As Diwali is a celebration of the triumph of light over darkness, those who celebrate the festival usually decorate their homes with piles of lights. People will clean their houses regularly in preparation for Diwali.
Millions of Hindus around the world celebrate Diwali with the exchange of gifts, fireworks and festive food. Diwali celebration in India is when the monsoon season ends and the weather is mild and pleasant. The house exteriors are whitewashed and sometimes drawn in white rice flour and designed with color. Buildings traditionally glow with oil-burning bowls called dip lights, or more recently with strings of artificial lights. People spend time with their friends and family.
On the first day of the festival, people pray, eat various foods at a special breakfast, and the statue of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi is carried all the way in a procession. In southern India, children wear garlands of flowers of their heads or bells. In some areas, the boys build elaborate earthen palaces and forts and display them for guests to come. Fireworks occur after dark and people living near the rivers light up lights on small rafts. To add to the festival of Diwali, fairs (mela) are held all over India. These are found in many towns and villages.
Here's what Religion says about Diwali
- Ram returns from exile and is now ready to become king.
- Lakshmi was born to Manthan Sagar.
- Ganesha, Saraswati, and Kubera are also worshiped.
- Kali is worshipped in Bengal and Odisha (It is not an ancient festival and was started from the 19th century by a Bengali king.)
- Govardhan Pooja, Krishna defeated Indra by raising Govardhan Parvat.
- Vishwakarma Puja, The God of tools, Engineering, Architecture.
- The Sikhs celebrated Diwali as Guru Govind fled from jail.
- Jains celebrate it because Mahavira attained nirvana (attain enlightenment or attain perfect enlightenment)
- Buddhists celebrate it because Ashoka converted to Buddhism that day.
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